Education

Optimal Utilization With Basic Installation In Linux

 

 

I am starting to write few things about linux (based on ubuntu & linux mint). This is my experience with linux over few years. As title suggest it will be minimal installation with productive output. After installing Ubuntu/Linux Mint most of the things might work/not work out of the box. Both are equally true. So let’s begin with what to do after installing Linux. By Linux I mean here either Ubuntu or Linux Mint.

1)Install Additional Drivers: Most of the proprietary drivers are not installed by default. But we don’t have to worry about searching them. There will be notification to install additional drivers and they are just a single click away. This is the nice thing about linux, everything is available with clicks or commands. So install additional drivers available if any.

2)Updating: Another good thing about linux is the way it can be updated. The system along with all installed application can be updated/upgraded with few commands. So you fire up the terminal with either CTRL+ALT+T combination from keyboard or from Dash searching terminal or from Menu of gnome or mint. To update type the following commands

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get update

will ask for your password and when you type, it is not visible in terminal. Isn’t that great??
Then upgrade your system and applications if available with following commands after apt-get update finishes its job.

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get upgrade && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

3)Installing Basic Applications: There are various ways to install applications in Linux. We can install from terminal, synaptic, gdebi or the software centre/manger bundled with Linux. So you can use any of the method to install application. But I recommend you install synaptic and gdebi first because they come handy when in need.  So here we go:

a)Package Management tools;

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install synaptic gdebi

 

Above command will install synaptic and gdebi both.
After installing synaptic , open it. Go to settings>Repository>other software and tick Canonical Partners. This will add the source for proprietary applications. Which we will install later.

b)Browsers: Ubuntu comes with Firefox as default browser. Firefox is good these days comparing to previous years when it was too much buggy and slow. But if you want to keep alternative browser which is too fast and too good then install Chromium(Actually my favorite) with following command;

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install chromium-browser chromium-codecs-ffmpeg-extra

What about damned flash for videos and games in browser. For flash installation use following command;

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install flashplugin-installer

It will install last supported version of flash for linux. For latest version of flash which work with chromium derivatives but not firefox in linux there is a workaround to get it. We will discuss that later.

c)Image Viewer:  Linux comes with default image viewer like eye of gnome or eye of mate. Depends on distribution. If you want alternate one then you can install Shotwell with following command;

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install shotwell

d)Image Editing Tool; GIMP is the best of all as far as my knowledge in windows and linux is concerned. It is in official repository and you can install with;

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install gimp

There is gimp-plugin-registry package which, you can install, will provide additional function to gimp.

e)Office Tools: Libreoffice writer , draw, impress & calc are installed by default. For presentation and writing documents you can use these opensource office products.

f)PDF Reader/Viewer: Document Viewer (Evince) which is light and fast is installed by default. If you want alternative one and fan of Adobe Reader then you can install it with command given below. But I don’t recommend it. It is buggy and slow.

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install acroread

g)Audio Tools: Rhythmbox audio player is installed by default. I don’t know why I am not fan of this. May not play all formats. Linux will teach us about codecs which we have to install separately. Amarok is my favourite but will bring lots of kde dependencies. So if you want alternate one you can install Audacious(My favorite of all time). Few audio & video ,codecs need to be installed at this moment. Use following command

 

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install audacious

 

will install audacious and for codecs there are many. I don’t recommend you to install ubuntu-restricted-extra. You can add medibuntu repository with followig procedure then later can install all codecs at once.

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

This will open you source list , at the end of the file add following line

deb http://packages.medibuntu.org/ precise free non-free

save it and close it. If your distro is other than precise, replace it with your distro name e.g raring, saucy etc. and update your system with

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get update

You will get an error like
Reading package lists… Done
W: GPG error: http://packages.medibuntu.org precise InRelease: The following signatures couldn’t be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY 2EBC26B60C5A2783

 

Use the following command to get the Key:

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-key adv –keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com –recv-keys 2EBC26B60C5A2783

So, We take the missing keyg 2EBC26B60C5A2783 and ask the keyserver.ubuntu.com to added it to the list of keys we have in apt. You change the key after –recv-keys with the one you get in your error message. Now we have source ready, once again update with sudo apt-get update and install codecs with following command;

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get update

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install  non-free-codecs libxine1-ffmpeg mencoder flac faac faad sox ffmpeg2theora libmpeg2-4 uudeview libmpeg3-1 mpeg3-utils mpegdemux liba52-dev mpeg2dec vorbis-tools id3v2 mpg321 mpg123 libflac++6 ffmpeg totem-mozilla icedax lame libmad0 libjpeg-progs libdvdcss libdvdread4 libdvdnav4 w32codecs libavcodec-extra-53 libavformat-extra-53 libavutil-extra-51 libpostproc-extra-52 libswscale-extra-2 app-install-data-medibuntu apport-hooks-medibuntu

If you found any kind of error like the package is not reachable / available , delete  that package name and install missing of the codecs.

h)Video Tools: Vlc is the best video player which supports most of the format out of the box. You can install with

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install vlc

 

i)Video Editing Tool: I haven’t been successful in editing or making videos but Openshot video editor is there in official repository and you can try it

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install openshot

j)Archive Tools: To compress or extract an archive, we need archive tools. To install it in you device  input the following command:-

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install unace unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller

k)Voice Over Ip:  For VOIP you can freely install skype / viber which are officially  available for linux. For Skype you canuse the following

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install skype

l)Cloud Storage: Ubuntu one is there by default and provides 5GB of space. You can also install dropbox(my favorite) with

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install dropbox

 

m)Java: Java is everywhere. If we don’t install it then it will be insult to that saying. It is useful if you want to try Android Phone in your linux. We will discuss about android emulator later, here install java with

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre openjdk-7-jdk icedtea-7-plugin

n)Docking Tools: The best dock I have ever known. I always run session with it.
It is cairo dock and available in official repository.You can install it with

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install cairo-dock cairo-dock-plug-ins

o)Composite Manager: If you are fan of fancy effects then install compiz to tweak effects. Install with following

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-fusion-plugins-extra compiz-fusion-plugins-main compiz-plugins fusion-icon

p)Nautilus Tool: Nautilus is the file manager. You can install few add ons to improve its functions with following commands

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo apt-get install nautilus-image-converter nautilus-open-terminal

q)Tweaking Tool: Ubuntu Tweak is the best. You can do many thing with it, changing themes, editing source, cleaning junk with janitor etc. Not available in official repository. You have to add third party repository. Install with following command

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak

 

r)Wallpaper Slideshow; There are various programs for this purpose. But I found variety top of all and is really good. To install it via third party repository use the following

Linux terminal: ~$

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:peterlevi/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install variety

s)There are indicators, Operating Systems like Chromium OS, Firefox OS, Joli OS, Android OS which you can try inside ubuntu. You can also install various games with getdeb and playdeb repository. We will discuss later more. Take Care and Enjoy.

 

 

 

Hits: 33

OH

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *